Ultimate Pho Suon Bo Recipe: A Guide to Authentic Vietnamese Flavors

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Written By Hot Thai Restaurant

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Imagine warming up with a steaming bowl of Pho Suon Bo, a traditional Vietnamese noodle soup that’s both comforting and aromatic. This beloved dish, with its rich beef broth and tender ribs, is a staple in Vietnamese cuisine and has captured hearts worldwide. Whether it’s a chilly evening or you’re simply craving something soul-soothing, Pho Suon Bo promises a delightful culinary experience.

Diving into its history, Pho originated in the early 20th century in Northern Vietnam and quickly became popular across the country. The magic of Pho Suon Bo lies in its slow-simmered broth, infused with spices like star anise and cinnamon, which pairs perfectly with the succulent beef ribs. As you prepare to embark on this cooking adventure, you’ll discover the art of balancing flavors and the joy of creating a dish that’s much more than just a meal—it’s a celebration of rich traditions and fresh ingredients.


For the Broth

  • 4 pounds beef bones with marrow
  • 2 pounds beef short ribs
  • 1 large onion, halved and charred
  • 4 inches ginger, halved and charred
  • 5 star anise
  • 1 cinnamon stick
  • 3 cloves
  • 1 black cardamom pod (optional)
  • 2 tablespoons fish sauce
  • 1 tablespoon salt
  • 8 cups water

For the Noodles

  • 400 grams flat rice noodles
  • 1/2 pound beef sirloin, thinly sliced
  • 2 scallions, finely sliced
  • 1/2 onion, thinly sliced
  • Fresh cilantro, chopped
  • Thai basil leaves
  • Lime wedges
  • Fresh bean sprouts
  • Hoisin sauce (optional)
  • Sriracha sauce (optional)

Required Tools and Equipment

Preparing Pho Suon Bo, a traditional Vietnamese noodle soup, requires some specific tools and equipment to ensure that you can replicate the authentic flavors and textures at home. Here’s what you’ll need to gather before starting your culinary journey:

Large Stockpot

A large stockpot is essential for making the broth, as it needs to simmer for several hours. Ideally, choose a pot that holds at least 10 quarts to accommodate all the ingredients and allow space for the broth to bubble without spilling over.

Fine Mesh Strainer

To achieve a clear and clean broth, a fine mesh strainer is necessary. You will use it to strain all the solids from the broth after it has finished simmering, leaving you with just the flavorful liquid.

Spice Bag or Cheesecloth

To infuse your broth with spices like star anise and cinnamon without leaving residue in your soup, use a spice bag or wrap the spices in a cheesecloth. This way, the spices can be easily removed once their flavor has been imparted.

Grill or Broiler

For charring onions and ginger, which is a key step to developing flavor in Pho broth, you will need a grill or a broiler. This process adds depth and a slight smokiness to the broth.

Ladle and Skimmer

When skimming off impurities from the top of your broth to keep it clear and tasting clean, a skimmer will be invaluable. Additionally, a ladle is necessary for serving the broth over the cooked noodles and meats.

Sharp Knife and Cutting Board

A sharp knife is crucial for preparing ingredients like beef sirloin, onions, and ginger accurately and safely. Use a stable cutting board to make your chopping tasks easier and cleaner.

Noodle Bowls

To serve Pho, you will need large bowls that can hold hot broth, noodles, cooked beef, and all the fresh garnishes comfortably without overcrowding.

Chopsticks and Soup Spoons

To provide an authentic eating experience, serve Pho with chopsticks and a deep soup spoon. The chopsticks are perfect for picking up noodles and meats while the spoon is used for sipping the broth.

Gathering these tools and equipment will set the stage for a successful cooking experience, allowing you to focus on mastering the flavors that make Pho Suon Bo a beloved dish worldwide.


Begin by gathering all your tools and ingredients to ensure a smooth and efficient cooking process. This section will guide you through the essential steps of toasting spices and parboiling the bones, which are crucial for crafting the perfect Pho Suon Bo.

Toasting Spices

Start by heating a dry skillet over medium heat. Add your whole spices, such as star anise, cinnamon sticks, and cloves, to the hot skillet. Toast them, stirring frequently, until they become fragrant. This usually takes about 1 to 2 minutes. Be careful not to burn the spices as this can impart a bitter flavor to your broth. Once toasted, transfer the spices to a spice bag or directly into your stockpot if you prefer them free-floating and easier to remove later.

Parboiling the Bones

First, thoroughly rinse the beef bones and short ribs under cold water to remove any debris. Place them into a large stockpot and add enough water to cover by a few inches. Bring this to a rapid boil over high heat and let it boil vigorously for about 10 minutes. This process helps remove impurities and ensures a clearer broth. After boiling, discard the water and rinse the bones and pot under warm water to remove any residual scum. Return the cleaned bones to the pot, refill with fresh water, and proceed to the next steps of your broth-making. This is essential for achieving the rich, clean flavor characteristic of a high-quality Pho Suon Bo.

Cooking the Broth

After toasting the spices and parboiling the bones, it’s time to focus on crafting the soul of Pho Suon Bo—the broth. This next step is critical in bringing out the robust and aromatic flavors that define this beloved Vietnamese dish.

Simmering the Bones

Once you’ve cleared and rinsed the beef bones from the initial parboil, place them back into a clean stockpot. Add about 4 liters of fresh water—the water should fully cover the bones. Bring the water to a gentle boil over medium-high heat, then reduce the heat to low. This gentle simmer is essential as it helps to extract the maximum flavor from the bones, creating a rich and flavorful base.

During the first hour of simmering, it’s important to periodically skim off any foam that rises to the surface with a fine-mesh skimmer. This step is crucial to achieving a clear broth, which is a hallmark of an expertly made Pho. Keep the pot partially covered, allowing some steam to escape, and simmer the bones for at least four hours. Longer simmering will deepen the broth’s flavor and richness—an ideal simmering time can range up to six hours if your schedule allows.

Seasoning the Broth

With the base broth simmering and developing flavor, you next move on to seasoning. About one hour before finishing, add the previously toasted spices—star anise, cinnamon, and perhaps black cardamom—wrapped securely in a spice bag. This prevents the spices from breaking apart in the broth while ensuring their aromatic qualities infuse thoroughly.

After adding the spices, also incorporate roughly chopped onions, slices of ginger, and a few tablespoons of fish sauce to the broth. This, too, should be added in the last hour of simmering. Fish sauce delivers umami while ginger and onion boost the broth’s complexity with their subtle sweetness and warmth.

Adjust the seasoning to taste with salt, keeping in mind that the broth should have a balanced depth that will pair well with the other components of Pho Suon Bo such as rice noodles and herbs. After the seasoning is adjusted, remove the pot from heat and let it sit momentarily before straining through a fine mesh to catch any residue or solids, ensuring the clarity and purity of your broth.

Assembling the Pho

Now that your broth is fragrantly simmering and perfectly clear, it’s time to assemble your Pho Suon Bo. This final stage is where the vibrant freshness meets the deeply aromatic broth.

Preparing the Noodles

  1. Boil Water: Start by bringing a large pot of water to a rolling boil. Make sure it’s enough water to submerge the noodles completely.
  2. Cook the Noodles: Add the rice noodles (typically about 100 grams per serving) to the boiling water. Stir gently to prevent them from sticking together. Depending on the noodle thickness, cook for about 3-5 minutes or just until they are tender but still have a bit of chew.
  3. Rinse and Drain: Once cooked, drain the noodles through a colander and rinse them under cold water to stop the cooking process. This step also helps remove excess starch.
  4. Divide the Noodles: Portion the cooked noodles into large soup bowls. This forms the base of your Pho.
  1. Arrange the Cooked Beef: Take the beef short ribs or slices of cooked beef that you prepared earlier. If they have cooled down, a quick dip in the hot broth can warm them up. Lay them over the noodles in each bowl.
  2. Ladle the Broth: With a ladle, pour the hot, clear broth over the noodles and beef in each bowl. Ensure the broth is steaming hot as it reinvigorates the meat and noodles with its warmth and flavor.
  3. Add Fresh Toppings: Now, garnish with your choice of fresh herbs and vegetables. Common toppings include thinly sliced onions, chopped green onions, fresh cilantro, and bean sprouts. A few leaves of Thai basil and a sprinkle of chopped chili can enhance the flavor even more.
  4. Final Touches: Include a wedge of lime on the side of each bowl for squeezing into the Pho. If desired, serve with hoisin sauce and sriracha for additional seasoning at the table.

Serving Suggestions

Once your Pho Suon Bo is ready, presenting it effectively not only enhances the dining experience but also honors the tradition of Vietnamese cuisine. Here are some tailored suggestions to serve your pho that will impress your guests and elevate the flavors of the dish.

Individual Bowls

Serve Pho Suon Bo in large, deep bowls. Start by placing a generous amount of cooked rice noodles at the bottom. Next, layer the cooked beef short ribs on top of the noodles. Pour the hot, aromatic broth over the meat and noodles, ensuring it covers them well to retain the warmth.

Garnishes on the Side

Provide a plate of fresh garnishes on the side. Include essentials such as Thai basil, sliced green onions, cilantro, and bean sprouts. Additionally, offer lime wedges to squeeze over the pho, adding a fresh, zesty flavor that cuts through the rich broth. This not only allows guests to customize their bowl but also brings vibrant textures and freshness to each bite.

Condiments for Flavor Adjustment

Place small bowls of hoisin sauce and sriracha on the table. Guests can add these to their pho according to their flavor preferences. Some might prefer a sweeter, more savory depth by adding hoisin sauce, while others might enjoy a spicier broth with a few drops of sriracha.

Accompanying Beverage

Pho pairs wonderfully with a variety of beverages, but a traditional option would be a hot cup of Vietnamese green tea. Its mild flavor complements the rich and spicy notes of the pho without overpowering it. For those who prefer a cold beverage, a chilled glass of lemonade or sweet iced tea can be very refreshing.

By presenting these options, you ensure each diner can tailor their Pho Suon Bo experience to their liking, making the meal both delicious and interactive.


With your newfound knowledge of crafting the perfect bowl of Pho Suon Bo, you’re ready to bring a taste of Vietnam right into your kitchen. Remember, the magic lies in the broth, so take your time to simmer it to perfection. As you ladle the steamy, spiced broth over tender noodles and beef, think of each bowl as a canvas—your garnishes and condiments are the finishing touches that personalize each serving. Whether it’s a casual dinner or a special gathering, this dish is sure to impress. So go ahead, set the table, pour the drinks, and enjoy the vibrant flavors and traditions of Vietnamese cuisine with every spoonful. Happy cooking!

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