Ultimate Canh Cai Ngot Recipe: A Guide to Vietnamese Mustard Green Soup

Photo of author
Written By Hot Thai Restaurant

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur pulvinar ligula augue quis venenatis. 

Imagine diving into a bowl of Canh Cai Ngot, a traditional Vietnamese soup known for its delicate flavors and health benefits. This dish, often featuring sweet leafy greens and a clear, savory broth, is a staple in Vietnamese cuisine. It’s not just a meal; it’s a comforting embrace of fresh, simple ingredients that nourish the soul and body.

Canh Cai Ngot is celebrated for its versatility and ease of preparation, making it a perfect choice whether you’re a seasoned chef or a beginner in the kitchen. The soup’s main star, cai ngot (also known as mustard greens), blends beautifully with aromatic herbs and a light broth. This dish is a testament to the philosophy that sometimes, the simplest ingredients create the most memorable meals.

So, grab your pot and let’s embark on a culinary journey to Vietnam with this delightful Canh Cai Ngot recipe. You’ll discover just how easy and satisfying it is to bring a taste of Vietnamese tradition to your table.


Delve into the essence of Vietnamese cuisine with this Canh Cai Ngot recipe. Gather the following fresh ingredients to start your culinary journey.

Main Ingredients

  • 1 bunch of mustard greens (cai ngot), approximately 500 grams, washed and cut into bite-sized pieces
  • 200 grams of pork, thinly sliced
  • 1 medium carrot, peeled and thinly sliced
  • 6 cups of chicken broth or water
  • 2 tablespoons of fish sauce
  • 1 teaspoon of sugar
  • 2 cloves of garlic, minced
  • Salt and freshly ground black pepper, to taste
  • Fresh cilantro and sliced green onions for garnish

Required Tools

Before diving into the cooking process of Canh Cai Ngot, ensure you have the right tools on hand to make the experience smooth and enjoyable. Here’s what you’ll need:

  • Large Pot: Opt for a heavy-bottomed pot that will distribute heat evenly, crucial for simmering your broth without burning it.
  • Knife: A sharp chef’s knife is essential for chopping the garlic, slicing the carrots, and cutting the pork into bite-sized pieces.
  • Cutting Board: Choose a sturdy cutting board for prepping your vegetables and meat. This will help keep your countertops clean and scratch-free.
  • Measuring Spoons and Cups: These are vital for accurately measuring your broth, fish sauce, and sugar to get the flavors of your Canh Cai Ngot just right.
  • Wooden Spoon or Ladle: Use this for stirring your soup gently, ensuring that the ingredients are well combined but remain intact.
  • Serving Bowls: Have enough bowls ready to serve the Canh Cai Ngot hot, ideal for enjoying its full flavor profile.

Gathering these tools beforehand will streamline your cooking process, letting you focus on the flavors and techniques that make this traditional Vietnamese soup a beloved dish.

Preparation Steps

Now that you have your ingredients and tools ready, let’s dive into the preparation phase of your Canh Cai Ngot. Follow these steps carefully to create a base that’s both flavorful and visually appealing.

Cleaning The Ingredients

  1. Rinse the mustard greens under cold water to remove any dirt or impurities. Shake off the excess water or use a salad spinner to ensure the leaves are not waterlogged.
  2. Clean the pork by running it under cold water. Pat the pork dry with paper towels to remove any excess moisture.
  3. Peel the shallots and garlic. Rinse under cool water to ensure they are clean before chopping.
  1. Start by chopping the mustard greens. Cut the leaves into two-inch segments. If the stems are thick, slice them separately into smaller, thinner pieces to ensure even cooking.
  2. Dice the pork into half-inch cubes. This size allows the pork to cook quickly and blend well with the other ingredients.
  3. Finely chop the shallots and garlic. These will be used to enhance the flavor of your broth, so ensure they are minced well to release their aromatic properties.

Cooking Process

After preparing your ingredients, it’s time to dive into the actual cooking process. This part of the recipe is where your Canh Cai Ngot starts to come together, combining flavors to create a deliciously comforting soup.

Making the Broth

  1. Heat the Broth Base: Begin by placing your large pot on the stove over medium heat. Add about 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil and allow it to heat up slightly.
  2. Sauté Aromatics: Add the minced garlic and chopped shallots to the heated oil. Sauté these for approximately 2 minutes or until they turn golden and aromatic.
  3. Cook the Pork: Increase the heat to medium-high and add the pork to the pot. Cook the pork for about 5-7 minutes, stirring occasionally until it is no longer pink and starts to brown.
  4. Simmer with Stock: Pour in 6 cups of chicken or vegetable stock into the pot. Bring this to a boil, then lower the heat, allowing the broth to simmer gently. Skim off any excess fat or foam that rises to the surface to ensure a clear broth. Allow the broth to simmer for about 15 minutes to meld the flavors together.
  1. Prepare Mustard Greens: While the broth simmers, prepare your mustard greens by rinsing them thoroughly under cold water to remove any dirt or grit. Chop the greens into bite-sized pieces.
  2. Incorporate Greens into Broth: Once the broth has simmered and is fragrant, add the chopped mustard greens to the pot. Stir gently to incorporate them into the broth.
  3. Simmer Vegetables: Continue to simmer the soup for an additional 10 minutes. The greens should become tender but still retain a vibrant green color and slight crunch.
  4. Season the Soup: Taste the broth and adjust the seasoning with salt and pepper as needed. If you prefer a bit more depth, a splash of fish sauce can enhance the savory notes of the broth.

By following these steps, you will create a nourishing and flavorful broth that serves as the base for your Canh Cai Ngot, embellished with the fresh, leafy textures of mustard greens.

Serving Suggestions

After preparing your delectable Canh Cai Ngot, the next step is all about how you serve it. The right garnishes and serving temperature can enhance this wholesome dish even further.

Garnishing Tips

To elevate the presentation and flavor of your Canh Cai Ngot, consider adding a thoughtful garnish. A sprinkle of freshly chopped cilantro or thinly sliced green onions provides a burst of freshness that compliments the savory pork and subtle mustard greens. For a touch of extra flavor, a few drops of sesame oil or a sprinkle of fried shallots can be quite transformative. These garnishes not only add color and texture but also enhance the soup’s aromatic allure, making each spoonful even more enticing.

Serving Temperature

Canh Cai Ngot is best served hot. This allows the flavors of the broth to be fully appreciated, and the warmth provides soothing comfort. Ensure the soup reaches a steaming stage right before serving to maximize the enjoyment and sensory experience. If you’ve prepared the soup in advance, reheat it gently until it’s sufficiently warm before serving. This ensures that the mustard greens remain vibrant and the pork tender. Enjoy your soup with a side of steamed rice for a complete and satisfying meal.

Make-Ahead Tips

Preparing Canh Cai Ngot ahead of time can make your meal planning much easier. Here are some tips to ensure that even when made in advance, your soup remains as fresh and flavorful as if it was just cooked.

Prepare the Broth in Advance

One of the greatest conveniences is prepping the broth beforehand. You can sauté the aromatics and cook the pork up to two days in advance. After cooking, let the broth cool to room temperature and then store it in the refrigerator. This helps the flavors to meld beautifully, enhancing the depth and richness of the broth.

Blanch the Mustard Greens

To save time, you can blanch the mustard greens the day before. After blanching, plunge them into ice water to stop the cooking process and preserve their vibrant green color. Drain the greens well, and then store them in a sealed container in the fridge. This keeps them fresh and ready to be quickly reheated in the hot broth before serving.

Store Garnishes Separately

Chop the garnishes like cilantro, green onions, and fried shallots ahead of time and store them in separate airtight containers in the refrigerator. This will keep them fresh and crisp, ready to sprinkle over your soup to add that final touch of flavor and texture right before serving.

Reheating Your Soup

When ready to serve, reheat the broth on the stove over medium heat until it is hot. This is the perfect time to add the mustard greens, which will only need a few minutes to warm through. Be sure to taste and adjust the seasoning if necessary, as flavors can mellow when the soup is stored.

These make-ahead tips ensure that your Canh Cai Ngot will be practically effortless to serve, making your mealtime both relaxing and enjoyable.


Now that you’ve got the scoop on crafting a delightful Canh Cai Ngot, why not give it a try? This dish isn’t just a treat for your taste buds—it’s a nourishing meal that brings a piece of Vietnamese culinary tradition right to your table. Whether you’re prepping ahead for a busy week or planning a soothing meal for tonight, Canh Cai Ngot adapts to fit your schedule with ease. So heat up that pot, get your greens ready and dive into the comforting world of Vietnamese cooking. You’ll be glad you did!

Related Posts:

Leave a Comment