Ultimate Cha Ca La Vong Recipe: A Step-by-Step Guide to Vietnamese Delight

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Written By Hot Thai Restaurant

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Imagine strolling through the bustling streets of Hanoi, where the aromatic allure of Chả Cá Lã Vọng wafts through the air, beckoning food lovers from near and far. This iconic Vietnamese dish, with its rich history dating back over a century, isn’t just a meal; it’s a culinary experience steeped in tradition. Originating from a small restaurant in Hanoi’s Old Quarter, this dish has become a symbol of Vietnamese cuisine, celebrated for its unique flavors and cooking style.

At its heart, Chả Cá Lã Vọng is a delightful mix of grilled turmeric-marinated fish, typically snakehead or catfish, served over a bed of rice noodles with a generous helping of herbs and toasted peanuts. The fish is then sautéed tableside with heaps of dill and spring onions, creating a dish that’s as visually appealing as it is delicious. Ready to bring this Vietnamese classic to your kitchen? Let’s dive into the flavors and techniques that make Chả Cá Lã Vọng a must-try recipe.


Embark on a culinary journey as you gather these fresh ingredients to master the delightful Chả Cá Lã Vọng, an authentic Vietnamese feast.

Fish and Marinade

  • 1.5 pounds of firm white fish (such as catfish, tilapia, or cod), cut into 2-inch pieces
  • 2 tablespoons turmeric powder
  • 1 tablespoon fish sauce
  • 2 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1 inch ginger, minced or grated
  • 3 tablespoons Greek yogurt (or plain yogurt as a substitute)
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil (to assist in frying)

Combine turmeric, fish sauce, garlic, ginger, and yogurt in a bowl to create the marinade. Coat the fish pieces evenly and let them marinate for at least 1 hour, but preferably 2 hours, to infuse the flavors deeply.

Dipping Sauce

  • 2 tablespoons fish sauce
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 1/4 cup water
  • 1 clove garlic, minced
  • 1-2 bird’s eye chili, finely chopped (adjust to taste)
  • 2 tablespoons lime juice (freshly squeezed)

Mix fish sauce, sugar, and water in a small bowl. Stir until the sugar is fully dissolved. Add minced garlic, chopped chili, and lime juice. Adjust the chili amount depending on how spicy you like your dipping sauce. This tangy and spicy dipping sauce is perfect for complementing the richness of the fish.

  • 1/2 cup dill, chopped
  • 1/2 cup green onions, sliced
  • 1/4 cup mint leaves
  • 1/4 cup cilantro leaves
  • 1/2 cup basil leaves
  • 1/3 cup roasted peanuts, crushed
  • Rice noodles, cooked as per the package instructions and cooled
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil (for frying the herbs)

Prepare all herbs by washing and chopping accordingly. Just before serving, sauté the dill and green onions in oil for 30 seconds to enhance their flavor and give them a gentle crisp. Layer these on top of cool, cooked rice noodles along with raw herbs, and add crushed peanuts for an extra crunch. This method retains the vibrancy and nutrients of the fresh herbs while infusing aromatic warmth where necessary.

Required Tools and Equipment

Preparing Chả Cá Lã Vọng requires specific tools and equipment to ensure your cooking process is smooth and results in the most authentic flavors. Here’s what you’ll need:

Cooking Utensils

  • Large Mixing Bowl: Essential for marinating the fish. Choose one that offers ample space to mix ingredients freely.
  • Grill Pan or Cast Iron Skillet: Authentic Chả Cá is grilled, but if you’re indoors, these pans are perfect for searing the fish while achieving a similar charred texture.
  • Cooking Spatula: Preferably a flat and wide one, useful for flipping the fish gently without breaking it apart.
  • Chopping Board and Sharp Knife: Required for prepping the herbs and other ingredients finely and efficiently.

Serving Tools

  • Medium Saucepan: Needed to prepare the dipping sauce and to boil the rice noodles.
  • Serving Platter: To present the grilled fish beautifully alongside your herbs and noodles.
  • Small Bowls: These are for the dipping sauce, allowing guests to serve themselves as much or as little as they prefer.
  • Measuring Cups and Spoons: Ensuring the right proportions of ingredients, especially for the marinade and sauce, is crucial for balancing flavors.
  • Tongs: These will help you handle the fish safely and effectively when grilling.

Assemble these tools before you start cooking to streamline your efforts and enhance your experience in preparing this delectable Vietnamese dish.

Preparation Steps

Following the selection and gathering of your ingredients and tools, let’s dive into the exciting part: preparing your Chả Cá Lã Vọng. These steps will guide you through marinating the fish, preparing herbs and vegetables, and concocting the delectable dipping sauce.

Marinating the Fish

  1. Prepare your marinade: In a large mixing bowl, combine 2 tablespoons of fish sauce, 2 tablespoons of sugar, 2 teaspoons of ground turmeric, and 3 minced garlic cloves. Stir until the sugar dissolves completely.
  2. Add the fish: Cut your chosen firm white fish, such as catfish or tilapia, into 2-inch chunks. Place these chunks in the mixing bowl with the marinade.
  3. Mix well to coat: Ensure each piece of fish is evenly coated with the marinade. Use your hands or tongs to mix, ensuring the fish is thoroughly covered.
  4. Refrigerate: Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least two hours, preferably overnight, to allow the flavors to meld.

Preparing Herbs and Vegetables

  1. Chop the herbs: Rinse and finely chop a large handful of dill and green onions. Keep the dill and the green parts of the onions separate from the white parts.
  2. Prepare additional vegetables: If desired, slice a small red bell pepper and a carrot into thin strips for added crunch and color.
  3. Set aside for cooking: Place all prepped herbs and vegetables in separate bowls or on a tray, covered, to use during the cooking process.
  1. Combine primary ingredients: In a medium saucepan, mix together 1/4 cup of water with 2 tablespoons each of sugar and fish sauce.
  2. Heat gently: Place the saucepan over low heat, stirring until the sugar dissolves. This creates the base of your dipping sauce.
  3. Add flavor enhancers: Squeeze in the juice of one lime and add 1 minced garlic clove to the mixture, stirring well.
  4. Boil and cool: Bring the mixture to a gentle boil, then remove from heat and let it cool to room temperature.
  5. Finish with herbs: Stir in 2 tablespoons of finely chopped cilantro and a few slices of fresh chili (optional) for a bit of heat. Your dipping sauce is now ready to serve with the cooked fish.

Cooking Instructions

Now that your fish has marinated and the dipping sauce and vegetables are prepped, you’re ready to cook. Here are the steps to bring Chả Cá Lã Vọng to life by grilling and frying the fish.

Grilling the Fish

  1. Prepare the Grill: Preheat your grill to a medium-high heat, ensuring the grates are clean to prevent sticking.
  2. Oil the Fish: Lightly brush the fish pieces with oil on both sides. This not only helps in preventing sticking but also enhances the golden hue of turmeric.
  3. Grill the Fish: Place the marinated fish on the grill. Grill each side for about 2-3 minutes or until the fish is fully cooked and has beautiful grill marks. The turmeric in the marinade should create a striking yellow color.
  4. Remove and Rest: Once grilled, transfer the fish to a platter and let it rest for a few minutes before assembling the dish.
  1. Heat the Pan: Place a large non-stick skillet over medium heat and add a generous amount of vegetable oil to coat the bottom.
  2. Fry the Fish: Carefully place the fish pieces in the pan, avoiding overcrowding. Fry each side for about 2-3 minutes until crisp and golden brown.
  3. Add the Herbs: In the last minute of frying, add the prepped dill, green onions, and other herbs to the pan. This will infuse the fish with a burst of freshness and vibrant color.
  4. Serve Hot: Once the fish and herbs are well fried, transfer them to a serving plate. Serve immediately with the prepared dipping sauce and enjoy your delicious Chả Cá Lã Vọng.


Now that your fish is perfectly grilled and herbs are ready, it’s time to assemble Chả Cá Lã Vọng for serving.

Serving Suggestions

Begin by placing the grilled fish on a preheated serving platter. Sprinkle the freshly chopped dill, green onions, and other prepared herbs generously over the top, allowing the heat of the fish to slightly wilt them for enhanced flavor.

Next, distribute noodles evenly among the serving bowls. Top each bowl with a generous amount of the herbed fish. Ensure each serving gets an ample drizzle of the previously prepared dipping sauce. This enhances the dish’s vibrant flavors.

Finally, garnish each bowl with roasted peanuts and sliced red chilies for a crunch and a hint of spice. Serve immediately while hot to enjoy the full spectrum of flavors and textures that make Chả Cá Lã Vọng a unique and beloved dish in Vietnamese cuisine.


Now that you’ve mastered the art of making Chả Cá Lã Vọng dive into the experience of serving and enjoying this flavorful dish. Gather your friends or family around the table and watch as they delight in the vibrant colors and aromatic spices. Remember the joy isn’t just in the eating but in the making—cherish the process from marination to presentation. So heat up your skillet and let the flavors of Vietnam transform your kitchen tonight!

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