Ultimate Guide to Vietnamese Mi Xao Tom: Recipe, Tips & Pairings

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Written By Hot Thai Restaurant

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Imagine diving into a plate of Mi Xao Tom, where each forkful is a perfect blend of textures and flavors. This beloved Vietnamese dish combines stir-fried noodles with succulent shrimp, tossed in a savory sauce that’s sure to delight your taste buds. It’s a popular choice in Vietnam, loved for its simplicity and the quick, satisfying meals it promises.


Here’s everything you need to create your own Mi Xao Tom, ensuring a delightful blend of textures and flavors.

Mi Xao Noodles and Shrimp

  • 200 grams of Mi Xao noodles (or any thick egg noodles)
  • 300 grams of shrimp, peeled and deveined
  • 2 tablespoons of vegetable oil
  • 1 teaspoon of sesame oil (for that distinct aroma)
  • 1 large carrot, julienned
  • 1 bell pepper, thinly sliced (choose any color you prefer)
  • 1 onion, sliced
  • 3 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 100 grams of baby corn
  • 50 grams of snow peas
  • 2 tablespoons oyster sauce
  • 1 tablespoon soy sauce
  • 1 tablespoon fish sauce (adjust according to your taste preference)
  • 1 teaspoon sugar
  • Fresh cilantro and lime wedges, for garnish
  • Optional: Crushed peanuts for an extra crunch and a sprinkle of sliced green onions for garnish

Each ingredient plays a crucial role in building the uniqueness of the dish, from the snap of snow peas to the sweet aroma of sesame oil. Make sure each element is prepared as listed to maintain the integrity and layered textures of the classic Mi Xao Tom.

Equipment Needed

To perfectly execute the Mi Xao Tom, having the right tools can make a substantial difference. Ensuring you have the necessary equipment at hand before starting will streamline your cooking process and help uphold the authenticity of this Vietnamese classic.

Cooking Utensils

  1. Wok or Large Frying Pan: Essential for stir-frying, a wok provides high walls and even heating, crucial for quick cooking of shrimp and vegetables without overcrowding.
  2. Wooden Spoon or Spatula: Use this for stirring and tossing the noodles and ingredients, ensuring they cook evenly without breaking.
  3. Strainer: Needed for draining the noodles after boiling to keep them from becoming too soft when stir-fried.
  4. Measuring Cups and Spoons: Accuracy is key in the culinary world, and having measuring tools ensures that each flavor component of your Mi Xao Tom balances perfectly.
  5. Knife and Cutting Board: A sharp knife is crucial for efficiently prepping vegetables and shrimp, maintaining their texture and form which are pivotal to the dish’s presentation.
  • Large Pot for Boiling Noodles: The size of the pot should be sufficient to give the noodles enough space to cook uniformly.
  • Bowls for Prepping Ingredients: Organize all your prepped ingredients in separate bowls for quick and easy access during cooking.
  • Garlic Press (optional): If you prefer a stronger infusion of garlic, using a press can maximize the release of flavor, enhancing the overall taste profile of your dish.

Having these tools ready will not only ease the preparation of Mi Xao Tom but will also enhance your cooking experience, bringing you closer to achieving that perfect blend of flavors and textures characteristic of a truly authentic dish.


Before you start cooking, ensure all your ingredients are ready and within reach to streamline the cooking process.

Cleaning and Prepping Shrimp

To begin, thoroughly rinse the shrimp under cold running water. Peel them, leaving the tails on for a visual appeal. Next, carefully devein the shrimp by making a shallow slit along the back and removing the dark vein with the tip of your knife or a toothpick. Pat the shrimp dry with paper towels to remove excess moisture. This not only ensures they are clean but also helps them sear beautifully once in the wok.

Preparing Vegetables

First, wash all the vegetables under cool running water. Peel the carrot and julienne it into thin strips. Cut the bell pepper into similar-sized strips, ensuring they cook evenly. Snap the ends off the green beans and slice them into two-inch pieces. For the broccoli, cut into small florets to ensure quick and even cooking. Soaking the sliced onions in cold water for about 10 minutes can reduce their sharpness, making them milder for the dish. Drain the vegetables well before cooking to prevent sogginess.

Cooking Instructions

Now that you’ve prepared your ingredients and have your equipment ready, let’s dive into the cooking process of making Mi Xao Tom, ensuring each component is perfectly cooked to create a harmonious blend of flavors and textures.

Cooking Shrimp

  1. Heat two tablespoons of oil in your wok over medium-high heat until it just starts to smoke.
  2. Add your cleaned and prepped shrimp to the wok. Spread them out so they cook evenly.
  3. Sauté the shrimp for about 2 minutes on each side, or until they turn pink and are slightly golden. Shrimp cook quickly, so keep an eye on them to avoid overcooking.
  4. Once cooked, remove the shrimp from the wok and set them aside on a plate. This will prevent them from overcooking while you prepare the other ingredients.

Cooking Vegetables

  1. In the same wok, add a bit more oil if needed and allow it to heat up.
  2. Add the sliced onions first, sautéing them until they become translucent.
  3. Follow with the harder vegetables like carrots and bell peppers. Stir-fry these for about 3 minutes, as they take a little longer to soften.
  4. Introduce the broccoli and green beans next, continuing to stir-fry for another 2 minutes until everything is tender yet still retains some crunch.
  5. Lastly, include any delicate ingredients like green onions or herbs, cooking them for just about a minute until they are just wilted and fragrant.
  6. Return the cooked shrimp to the wok and toss everything together gently to combine and reheat the shrimp.
  1. While your vegetables are cooking, bring a large pot of water to a boil.
  2. Add the Mi Xao noodles to the boiling water. Cook according to the package instructions, usually about 3 to 5 minutes, or until they are just tender.
  3. Drain the noodles immediately and rinse them under cold water to stop the cooking process and remove excess starch. This will help keep the noodles from sticking together.
  4. Add the drained noodles directly to the wok with the vegetables and shrimp. Over medium heat, toss all the ingredients together to ensure the noodles are well coated with the sauce and the dish is heated through.
  5. Serve the Mi Xao Tom hot, garnished with extra herbs or a squeeze of fresh lime juice to enhance the flavor.

Follow these steps carefully to achieve the delightful balance of crispy, tender textures and vibrant flavors that Mi Xao Tom is known for.


Now that your shrimp and vegetables are cooked and your noodles have been boiled, it’s time to bring all the components together.

Combining Ingredients

Start by heating a tablespoon of vegetable oil in your wok over medium heat. Carefully add the drained Mi Xao noodles to the hot wok. Stir gently but quickly to prevent the noodles from sticking. Once they begin to get a bit crispy, sprinkle in your cooked shrimp and vegetables. Toss everything together for about 2 to 3 minutes ensuring that the heat is distributed evenly and the ingredients are well integrated. This mixing ensures that each strand of noodle and every piece of shrimp soaks up the flavors of the herbs and spices from the vegetables.

Final Seasoning

After the ingredients are mixed, it’s time to season your dish to perfection. Add a teaspoon of fish sauce for that quintessential Vietnamese savoriness, followed by a pinch of sugar to balance the saltiness. If you like a bit of spice, a sprinkle of crushed red pepper flakes works wonderfully. Give everything a final, hearty stir to distribute the seasoning evenly. Taste your Mi Xao Tom, and if needed, adjust the seasoning slightly to suit your palate. Let the dish sizzle for another minute or two, just enough for the flavors to meld beautifully. Serve hot, garnished with freshly chopped green onions and a wedge of lime on the side for a fresh, zesty finish.

Serving Suggestions

After you’ve meticulously combined your ingredients and seasoned your Mi Xao Tom to perfection, the final touches and how you choose to serve it can altogether elevate the dining experience. Here are some suggestions to turn your delicious creation into a visually appealing and satisfying meal.

Plating Your Mi Xao Tom

Start by selecting a wide, flat plate or a shallow bowl to serve your Mi Xao Tom. This will showcase the colorful mix of shrimp, vegetables, and noodles. Carefully place a generous portion of the noodles at the base, then artistically top them with shrimp and evenly distributed vegetables. Ensure each plate is balanced in colors and components to entice the eyes first.

Garnishes for Extra Flare

Garnishing not only enhances the flavor but also adds to the visual appeal. Sprinkle finely chopped green onions over the top for a crisp, fresh taste. Add a few sprigs of cilantro for a touch of greenery and an additional layer of flavor. If you enjoy a bit of citrus zing, consider placing a wedge of lime on the side of the plate, allowing your guests or family members to squeeze fresh lime juice to their liking.

Side Dishes to Complement

Complement your Mi Xao Tom with a side of light, refreshing Vietnamese salad. This could include thinly sliced cucumbers, carrots, and daikon radish dressed in a light vinaigrette. Another excellent pairing is a simple broth soup, which provides a soothing balance to the flavorful and textured main dish.

Beverage Pairings

To complete your meal, offer a beverage that offsets the rich flavors of the Mi Xao Tom. A chilled glass of sweet iced tea or a light beer can be perfect. For non-alcoholic options, consider a lemongrass tea or a coconut water to keep with the Vietnamese theme.

Encourage your guests to dive in while everything is fresh and hot, ensuring they get the full spectrum of textures and tastes that Mi Xao Tom has to offer. Remember, each bite is meant to be savored, combining the punch of the seasonings with the freshness of the garnishes and the crunch of the vegetables.


Exploring the vibrant world of Vietnamese cuisine through Mi Xao Tom not only enhances your cooking skills but also deepens your appreciation for its rich culinary traditions. By mastering the art of this flavorful dish you’re stepping into a new realm of taste and texture that’s both exciting and rewarding. So why not invite friends or family over and share this delightful experience? After all sharing a meal is about celebrating not just the food but the company and the memories you create together. Enjoy your culinary journey and the delicious rewards it brings!

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